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Gov't Size in Virginia Counties & Cities - 2012

Gov't Size in Virginia Counties & Cities - 2012

-- by David Swink, FCTA, 07/28/2014

FCTA has been appalled by the cost of government at both the Virginia and Fairfax County levels. We have already posted a document comparing budgets at the state level. We now compare the 134 local governing jurisdictions within Virginia (96 counties and 38 cities). We started by listing all the Virginia counties and cities and their populations. We then got an accurate count of the number of people on each local government payroll -- with data from the Census Bureau -- including those working in public schools, fire and safety, and the remaining general personnel. The total government payroll divided by the local population gives a general idea of the relative "efficiency" of the local government -- when compared to numbers from other jurisdictions.

Findings: The table below shows the results (with links to the original data). Local government employment averaged 3.71% for the counties and 4,50% for the cities. There was wide variance between jurisdictions of roughly the same size. Fairfax County -- by far the largest jurisdiction -- was a respectable 3.87%, with neighboring Arlington at 4.21%, Loudoun at 4.08%, and Prince William at 3.60%. (Fairfax County would need to drop about 1,800 positions to meet the all-state county average.)

However, with average local government "efficiency" in Virginia at 3.95%, Maryland (a very blue state) at 4.17%, and Texas (a very red state) at 4.22% -- a mere 0.27% variation -- we have not found this "body count" metric to be a major cost driver. So one must instead watch how those public servants are spending your money.

 VaLoc:CoCity: Locality     2012 Pop(Est)  GenGov + Safety + School = TotGov  PctGov 
 Va001:AccoCo: Accomack Co        33,359      254      106      992    1,352   4.05%
 Va003:AlbeCo: Albemarle Co      102,116      489      457    2,068    3,014   2.95%
 Va005:AlgyCo: Alleghany Co       16,191      162       98      429      689   4.26%
 Va007:AmelCo: Amelia Co          12,747       44       29      349      422   3.31%
 Va009:AmhrCo: Amherst Co         32,421      173       77      739      989   3.05%
 Va011:ApmxCo: Appomattox Co      15,166       88       43      404      535   3.53%
 Va013:ArlgCo: Arlington Co      221,275    4,032    1,176    4,109    9,317   4.21%
 Va015:AugsCo: Augusta Co         73,635      291      331    1,766    2,388   3.24%
 Va017:BathCo: Bath Co             4,669       31       23      165      219   4.69%
 Va019:BedfCo: Bedford Co         69,538      384      527    1,714    2,625   3.77%
 Va021:BlanCo: Bland Co            6,751       31       21      154      206   3.05%
 Va023:BoteCo: Botetourt Co       33,121      177      133      818    1,128   3.41%
 Va025:BrunCo: Brunswick Co       17,050      118       82      451      651   3.82%
 Va027:BuchCo: Buchanan Co        23,864      111       77      646      834   3.49%
 Va029:BuckCo: Buckingham Co      17,067       60      182      302      544   3.19%
 Va031:CampCo: Campbell Co        55,069      250      138    1,451    1,839   3.34%
 Va033:CaroCo: Caroline Co        28,967      173       96      649      918   3.17%
 Va035:CarrCo: Carroll Co         29,923      194       85      736    1,015   3.39%
 Va036:CCtyCo: Charles City Co     7,171       49       24      170      243   3.39%
 Va037:CharCo: Charlotte Co       12,421      105       48      346      499   4.02%
 Va041:CfldCo: Chesterfield Co   323,862    2,447    1,552    8,106   12,105   3.74%
 Va043:ClkeCo: Clarke Co          14,321       99       43      389      531   3.71%
 Va045:CragCo: Craig Co            5,229       22       17      130      169   3.23%
 Va047:CulpCo: Culpeper Co        47,789      401      206    1,234    1,841   3.85%
 Va049:CumbCo: Cumberland Co       9,836       49       27      221      297   3.02%
 Va051:DickCo: Dickenson Co       15,679      130       58      422      610   3.89%
 Va053:DinwCo: Dinwiddie Co       28,040      184       77      629      890   3.17%
 Va057:EssxCo: Essex Co           11,198       86       55      281      422   3.77%
 Va059:FrfxCo: Fairfax Co      1,118,683    9,677    4,487   29,111   43,275   3.87%
 Va061:FauqCo: Fauquier Co        66,526      496      282    2,062    2,840   4.27%
 Va063:FloyCo: Floyd Co           15,440       63       38      320      421   2.73%
 Va065:FluvCo: Fluvanna Co        25,982      126       40      557      723   2.78%
 Va067:FklnCo: Franklin Co        56,327      242      170    1,361    1,773   3.15%
 Va069:FredCo: Frederick Co       80,296      301      421    2,461    3,183   3.96%
 Va071:GileCo: Giles Co           16,962      129       70      387      586   3.45%
 Va073:GlouCo: Gloucester Co      36,905      210      121      877    1,208   3.27%
 Va075:GoocCo: Goochland Co       21,349       79       78      384      541   2.53%
 Va077:GrayCo: Grayson Co         15,188       80       45      416      541   3.56%
 Va079:GrneCo: Greene Co          18,752       80       38      539      657   3.50%
 Va081:GrnvCo: Greensville Co     11,892       80       98      393      571   4.80%
 Va083:HafxCo: Halifax Co         35,817      217      133    1,197    1,547   4.32%
 Va085:HnovCo: Hanover Co        100,588      748      762    3,012    4,522   4.50%
 Va087:HnriCo: Henrico Co        315,200    2,823    1,927    7,072   11,822   3.75%
 Va089:HnryCo: Henry Co           52,847      305      157    1,247    1,709   3.23%
 Va091:HighCo: Highland Co         2,236       19       16       66      101   4.52%
 Va093:IoWtCo: Isle Of Wight Co   35,378      235       95      896    1,226   3.47%
 Va095:JCtyCo: James City Co      69,061      732      467    1,905    3,104   4.49%
 Va097:KgQuCo: King and Queen Co   7,074       36       96      168      300   4.24%
 Va099:KgGeCo: King George Co     24,561      137       86      795    1,018   4.14%
 Va101:KgWmCo: King William Co    15,966       82       54      472      608   3.81%
 Va103:LancCo: Lancaster Co       11,238       70       54      256      380   3.38%
 Va105:LeeCo:  Lee Co             25,542       74       67      840      981   3.84%
 Va107:LoudCo: Loudoun Co        337,248    2,332    1,452    9,991   13,775   4.08%
 Va109:LouiCo: Louisa Co          33,458      127      141      856    1,124   3.36%
 Va111:LubgCo: Lunenburg Co       12,606       61       44      298      403   3.20%
 Va113:MadiCo: Madison Co         13,208       60       35      308      403   3.05%
 Va115:MathCo: Mathews Co          8,899       42       29      287      358   4.02%
 Va117:MkbgCo: Mecklenburg Co     31,806      353      160      862    1,375   4.32%
 Va119:MsexCo: Middlesex Co       10,826       40       39      201      280   2.59%
 Va121:MontCo: Montgomery Co      95,352      658      331    1,710    2,699   2.83%
 Va125:NelsCo: Nelson Co          14,813       62       32      363      457   3.09%
 Va127:NKntCo: New Kent Co        19,124      124       95      419      638   3.34%
 Va131:NhamCo: Northampton Co     12,258      325      106      419      850   6.93%
 Va133:NhumCo: Northumberland Co  12,338       49       40      269      358   2.90%
 Va135:NottCo: Nottoway Co        15,883      131       57      360      548   3.45%
 Va137:OrngCo: Orange Co          34,203      163      213      797    1,173   3.43%
 Va139:PageCo: Page Co            23,932      124      124      630      878   3.67%
 Va141:PatrCo: Patrick Co         18,441       70       77      548      695   3.77%
 Va143:PittCo: Pittsylvania Co    62,737      195      160    1,208    1,563   2.49%
 Va145:PowhCo: Powhatan Co        28,133       99       76      680      855   3.04%
 Va147:PrEdCo: Prince Edward Co   23,187      184       98      419      701   3.02%
 Va149:PrGeCo: Prince George Co   36,986      117      493      909    1,519   4.11%
 Va153:PrWmCo: Prince William Co 430,100    2,611    1,765   11,109   15,485   3.60%
 Va155:PulaCo: Pulaski Co         34,761      290      150      848    1,288   3.71%
 Va157:RappCo: Rappahannock Co     7,448       33       29      194      256   3.44%
 Va159:RichCo: Richmond Co         9,047       33      122      171      326   3.60%
 Va161:RoanCo: Roanoke Co         92,932      972      513    2,244    3,729   4.01%
 Va163:RkbrCo: Rockbridge Co      22,360      107       93      461      661   2.96%
 Va165:RkhmCo: Rockingham Co      77,367      444      349    1,913    2,706   3.50%
 Va167:RussCo: Russell Co         28,440      140      104      850    1,094   3.85%
 Va169:ScotCo: Scott Co           22,770      100       58      563      721   3.17%
 Va171:ShenCo: Shenandoah Co      42,614      288      199    1,017    1,504   3.53%
 Va173:SmytCo: Smyth Co           31,782      374      113      772    1,259   3.96%
 Va175:SohmCo: Southampton Co     18,376      149       96      472      717   3.90%
 Va177:SpotCo: Spotsylvania Co   125,772      513      385    2,739    3,637   2.89%
 Va179:StafCo: Stafford Co       134,251      549      385    3,541    4,475   3.33%
 Va181:SurrCo: Surry Co            6,821       50       27      309      386   5.66%
 Va183:SusxCo: Sussex Co          11,945       90       68      265      423   3.54%
 Va185:TazeCo: Tazewell Co        44,289      363      172    1,109    1,644   3.71%
 Va187:WarrCo: Warren Co          38,037      207      173      821    1,201   3.16%
 Va191:WashCo: Washington Co      54,785      412      479    1,403    2,294   4.19%
 Va193:WestCo: Westmoreland Co    17,528      136       63      391      590   3.37%
 Va195:WiseCo: Wise Co            40,818      345      160    1,019    1,524   3.73%
 Va197:WythCo: Wythe Co           29,323      223      358      843    1,424   4.86%
 Va199:YorkCo: York Co            66,090      418      306    1,906    2,630   3.98%
 Va510:AlexCi: Alexandria        146,839    1,733    1,081    2,407    5,221   3.56%
 Va515:BedfCi: Bedford             5,930      121       30        0      151   2.55%
 Va520:BrisCi: Bristol            17,747      191      187      387      765   4.31%
 Va530:BuViCi: Buena Vista         6,772       68       26      235      329   4.86%
 Va540:CharCi: Charlottesville    43,966      930      268    1,086    2,284   5.19%
 Va550:ChesCi: Chesapeake        228,303    3,789    1,533    5,691   11,013   4.82%
 Va570:CoHtCi: Colonial Heights   17,502      120      140      542      802   4.58%
 Va580:CoviCi: Covington           5,818       76       30      173      279   4.80%
 Va590:DanvCi: Danville           42,944      732      463    1,256    2,451   5.71%
 Va595:EmpoCi: Emporia             5,719       78       43        0      121   2.12%
 Va600:FrFxCi: Fairfax City       23,398      248      166        0      414   1.77%
 Va610:FaChCi: Falls Church       13,179      182       65      473      720   5.46%
 Va620:FklnCi: Franklin City       8,510      128      214      260      602   7.07%
 Va630:FrbgCi: Fredericksburg     27,390      487      524      599    1,610   5.88%
 Va640:GalxCi: Galax City          6,928      166       42      206      414   5.98%
 Va650:HampCi: Hampton           136,632    1,284      963    3,878    6,125   4.48%
 Va660:HrbgCi: Harrisonburg       51,153      491      188      795    1,474   2.88%
 Va670:HopeCi: Hopewell           22,356      267      162      678    1,107   4.95%
 Va678:LexiCi: Lexington           6,988      138       68       67      273   3.91%
 Va680:LyncCi: Lynchburg          77,185      783      507    1,767    3,057   3.96%
 Va683:ManaCi: Manassas           40,663      272      181    1,098    1,551   3.81%
 Va685:MaPkCi: Manassas Park      15,871       98       65      384      547   3.45%
 Va690:MartCi: Martinsville       13,741      226      156      387      769   5.60%
 Va700:NNwsCi: Newport News      180,781    2,115    1,457    4,910    8,482   4.69%
 Va710:NofkCi: Norfolk           246,007    4,814    2,111    7,687   14,612   5.94%
 Va720:NortCi: Norton              4,065       72       29      125      226   5.56%
 Va730:PeteCi: Petersburg         32,161      439      397      640    1,476   4.59%
 Va735:PoquCi: Poquoson           12,117       75       52      320      447   3.69%
 Va740:PmthCi: Portsmouth         96,564    1,033    1,094    2,231    4,358   4.51%
 Va750:RadfCi: Radford            16,728      150       77      223      450   2.69%
 Va760:RichCi: Richmond          210,857    2,807    2,255    3,915    8,977   4.26%
 Va770:RoanCi: Roanoke City       97,764      963      852    2,085    3,900   3.99%
 Va775:SalmCi: Salem              25,052      381      246      612    1,239   4.95%
 Va790:StauCi: Staunton           23,933      186      274      671    1,131   4.73%
 Va800:SufkCi: Suffolk            85,194      740      582    2,236    3,558   4.18%
 Va810:VaBeCi: Virginia Beach    445,378    5,444    2,175   11,439   19,058   4.28%
 Va820:WaynCi: Waynesboro         21,084      176       97      522      795   3.77%
 Va830:WmbgCi: Williamsburg       15,107      208      199        0      407   2.69%
 Va840:WincCi: Winchester         26,923      320      433      738    1,491   5.54%

 Va000:AllCo:    95 Counties   5,681,379   41,838   25,559  143,158  210,555   3.71%
 Va000:AllCi:   +39 Cities     2,505,249   32,531   19,432   60,273  112,686   4.50%
 Va000:AllJur: =134 All Juris  8,186,628   74,369   44,991  203,431  322,791   3.95%

 Va000:State:  State Gov't     8,186,628   46,917   20,428   59,175  126,520   1.55%

  NOTE: All jobs are "Full-Time Equivalent Employment"
        "Safety" includes Police, Fire, Corrections, and Judicial

Helpful reference: American FactFinder Deep Linking Guide -- Version 2.6, March 22, 2013